National checklists and red lists for European butterflies



The National checklists and red lists for European butterflies is a species checklist dataset published by the Research Institute of Nature and Forest (INBO). It is described in Maes et al. (2019, and compiled from national species lists and red lists from nearly all European countries to prioritize butterfly conservation actions. It covers all 496 butterfly species recognized by Wiemers et al. (2018) to occur in Europe, and includes the occurrence status for 42 countries, including the Macaronesian archipelagos (Azores, Madeira and Canary Islands), and the red list status for 33 of these. Here it is published as a standardized Darwin Core Archive and includes for each species: the scientific name, higher classification and taxon identifier (in the taxon core), the occurrence status, red list status and sources this is based on per country or Macaronesian island(group) (in the distribution extension), and the English vernacular name (in the vernacular name extension). Issues with the dataset can be reported at
Date made available18-Jun-2020
Temporal coverage1-Jan-1972 - 31-Dec-2018
Date of data production18-Jun-2020
Geographical coverageEurope


  • Habitats Directive
  • conservation goals

Free keywords

  • red list

Geographic list

  • Europe

Thematic list

  • Insects

Thematic List 2020

  • Protected nature
  • Data & infrastructure

Taxonomic list

  • butterflies (Lepidoptera)

EWI Biomedical sciences

  • B280-animal-ecology

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