European scenarios for future biological invasions

Cristian Pérez-Granados, Bernd Lenzner, Marina Golivets, Wolf-Christian Saul, Jonathan M. Jeschke, Franz Essl, Garry D. Peterson, Lucas Rutting, Guillaume Latombe, Tim Adriaens, David C. Aldridge, Sven Bacher, Rubén Bernardo-Madrid, Lluís Brotons, François Díaz, Belinda Gallardo, Piero Genovesi, Pablo González-Moreno, Ingolf Kühn, Petra KutlešaBrian Leung, Chunlong Liu, Konrad Pagitz, Teresa Pastor, Aníbal Pauchard, Wolfgang Rabitsch, Helen E. Roy, Peter Robertson, Hanno Seebens, Wojciech Solarz, Uwe Starfinger, Rob Tanner, Montserrat Vilà, Núria Roura-Pascual

Research output: Contribution to journalPreprint


Invasive alien species are one of the major threats to global biodiversity, ecosystem integrity, nature’s contribution to people and human health. While scenarios about potential future developments have been available for other global change drivers for quite some time, we largely lack an understanding of how biological invasions might unfold in the future across spatial scales.Based on previous work on global invasion scenarios, we developed a workflow to downscale global scenarios to a regional and policy-relevant context. We applied this workflow at the European scale to create four European scenarios of biological invasions until 2050 that consider different environmental, socio-economic and socio-cultural trajectories, namely the European Alien Species Narratives (Eur-ASNs).We compared the Eur-ASNs with their previously published global counterparts (Global-ASNs), assessing changes in 26 scenario variables. This assessment showed a high consistency between global and European scenarios in the logic and assumptions of the scenario variables. However, several discrepancies in scenario variable trends were detected that could be attributed to scale differences. This suggests that the workflow is able to capture scale-dependent differences across scenarios.We also compared the Global- and Eur-ASNs with the widely used Global and European Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSPs), a set of scenarios developed in the context of climate change to capture different future socio-economic trends. Our comparison showed considerable divergences in the scenario space occupied by the different scenarios, with overall larger differences between the ASNs and SSPs than across scales (global vs. European) within the scenario initiatives.Given the differences between the ASNs and SSPs, it seems that the SSPs do not adequately capture the scenario space relevant to understanding the complex future of biological invasions. This underlines the importance of developing independent, but complementary, scenarios focused on biological invasions. The downscaling workflow we presented and implemented here provides a tool to develop such scenarios across different regions and contexts. This is a major step towards an improved understanding of all major drivers of global change including biological invasions.Competing Interest StatementThe authors have declared no competing interest.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2022.09.13.507777
Number of pages42
Publication statusPublished - 16-Sep-2022

Thematic List 2020

  • Invasive species
  • Policy
  • The future management of biological invasions in Europe. AlienScenarios and InvasiBES policy brief

    Roura-Pascual, N., Saul, W-C., Pérez-Granados, C., Rutting, L., Peterson, G. D., Latombe, G., Essl, F., Adriaens, T., Aldridge, D. C., Bacher, S., Bernardo-Madrid, R., Brotons, L., Diaz, F., Gallardo, B., Genovesi, P., Golivets, M., González-Moreno, P., Hall, M., Kutleša, P., Lenzner, B. & 14 others, Liu, C., Pagitz, K., Pastor, T., Rabitsch, W., Robertson, P., Roy, H. R., Seebens, H., Solarz, W., Starfinger, U., Tanner, R., Vilà, M., Leung, B., Garcia-Lozano, C. & Jeschke, J. M., 26-Mar-2024, 7 p.

    Research output: Other contribution

    Open Access
  • European scenarios for future biological invasions

    Pérez-Granados, C., Lenzner, B., Golivets, M., Saul, W-C., Jeschke, J. M., Essl, F., Peterson, G. D., Rutting, L., Latombe, G., Adriaens, T., Aldridge, D. C., Bacher, S., Bernardo-Madrid, R., Brotons, L., Díaz, F., Gallardo, B., Genovesi, P., González-Moreno, P., Kühn, I., Kutleša, P. & 14 others, Leung, B., Liu, C., Pagitz, K., Pastor, T., Pauchard, A., Rabitsch, W., Robertson, P., Roy, H. E., Seebens, H., Solarz, W., Starfinger, U., Tanner, R., Vilà, M. & Roura-Pascual, N., 2-Dec-2023, In: People and Nature. 15 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-articlepeer-review

    Open Access

Cite this