Impact of decreasing throughfall depositions on soil solution chemistry at coniferous monitoring sites in northern Belgium

Johan Neirynck, E van Ranst, Peter Roskams, N Lust

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    Abstract

    Impact of decreasing throughfall depositions on soil solution chemistry at three depths was examined in a Corsican pine (Pinus nigra Arn. ssp. laricio Poiret) stand in Ravels and a Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) stand in Brasschaat within a time-span of 6 years (1992–1997). At Ravels depositions of sulphate, ammonium, nitrate, calcium, magnesium and sodium decreased by 463, 468, 169, 121, 63 and 169 molc ha-1 per annum. At Brasschaat deposition reduction rates of sulphate, nitrate, calcium and magnesium were 198, 127, 134 and 46 molc ha-1 per annum. In both stands the substantial reductions in inorganic nitrogen deposition were followed by a decline of nitrate fluxes leaving the forest floor and with the seepage water. The decrease of sulphate deposition since 1992 was only manifested by a decline in sulphate concentrations and fluxes during the first half of the measuring period. The increase at the end of the period could be ascribed to the fact that sulphate adsorption which was important between 1993 and 1995 finally ceased. A significant drop of calcium concentrations was discernible at both plots. Magnesium and potassium levels did only fall significantly at Brasschaat. The concentrations of base cations were largely driven by the concentrations of their counter anions, but were influenced by the base cation throughfall fluxes as well. Although a substantial reduction of throughfall acidity occurred, no improvement of the soil water acidity (acid neutralising capacity (ANC)) was noticed. ANC and molar Ca/Al followed decreasing trends at all depths in both plots. For ANC the decline was significant for the topsoil in Ravels. The decrease of molar cation Ca/Al ratio was significant for two out of three depths at both sites. The decrease was due to the drop in calcium concentrations and the raise of Altot in some horizons.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalForest Ecology and Management
    Volume160
    Issue number1-3
    Pages (from-to)127-142
    Number of pages16
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

    Thematic List 2020

    • Soil & air

    Thematic list

    • Environment

    EWI Biomedical sciences

    • B003-ecology

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