Multi-dye residue analysis of triarylmethane, xanthene, phenothiazine and phenoxazine dyes in fish tissues by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

Tim Reyns, Claude Belpaire, Caroline Geeraerts, Joris Van Loco

    Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article

    4 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Beside the possible illegal use of malachite green in aquaculture, other familiar dyes could also been applied by fraudulent producers due to their antiseptic and antibacterial activity. In this contribution, a new sensitive multi-residue method was developed to determine triarylmethane, xanthene, phenothiazine and phenoxazine dyes in fish by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Samples were extracted with acetonitrile, followed by an oxidation step using 2,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyanobenzoquinone. Further clean-up was performed by tandem solid phase extraction using weak and strong cation exchange cartridges. Extracts were analysed by UPLC-MS(n) operating in the positive electrospray ionisation mode (ESI+). The fourteen dyes were separated within only 12min on a C18 BEH column using 1mM ammonium acetate in water at pH 4.5 and acetonitrile as mobile phases at a flowrate of 0.4mLmin(-1). The presented method was validated as defined by the European Union and scientific literature. Good linearity (R ≥0.99 and goodness-of-fit (g) ≤10%) was achieved over the tested concentration range (0.25-2ngg(-1)). Limit of quantification was 0.25ngg(-1) for all dyes, with a signal-to-noise ratio of at least 10/1. This is at least 5 to 10 times lower than previous published methods. Limits of detection were all
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences
    Volume953-954
    Pages (from-to)92-101
    Number of pages10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Thematic list

    • Environment

    EWI Biomedical sciences

    • B740-toxicology

    Policy

    • water policy

    Geographic list

    • Flanders

    Free keywords

    • malachiet groen, kleurstoffen

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Multi-dye residue analysis of triarylmethane, xanthene, phenothiazine and phenoxazine dyes in fish tissues by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this