Veredeling van loofboomsoorten: Gewone es

Gerry C. Douglas, Alfas Pliura, Jean Dufour, Patrick Mertens, Dominique Jacques, Jean Fernandez-Manjares, Joukje Buiteveld, Gheorghe Parnuta, Marin Tudoroiu, Yannik Curnel, Muriel Thomasset, Viggo Jensen, Morten A. Knudsen, Elena Foffová, Anne Chandelier, Marijke Steenackers

    Onderzoeksoutput: Hoofdstuk in Boek/Rapport/CongresprocedureBijdrage aan een boek niet door INBO uitgegeven

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    Common ash (Fraxinus excelsior L.) has an extensive natural distribution across Europe and extends as far east as the Volga river and south into northern Iran. Country statistics and national programmes show that common ash has major economic and ecological importance in many countries. Genetic improvement has concentrated on tree quality and adaptive traits and more recently on developing resistance to the pathogen Chalara fraxinea which is a severe threat to this species. Data is presented from provenance / progeny trials in Lithuania, France, Belgium, The Netherlands and Romania on genetic variation for adaptive traits, growth and tree quality. There is large variation among and within ash genetic sources for important characters. Estimates for genetic heritability were high for height growth, and stem form and strong site effects were noted for these traits and for stem diameter. The breeding system with regard to genetic diversity, gene flow, hybridisation and inbreeding is reviewed. For breeding, various methodologies regarding mating, testing and selection are discussed. A review on vegetative propagation, including in vitro culture and cryopreservation is presented as useful tools in breeding programmes.

    Dit boek is een outcome van het EU-project TREEBREEDEX
    TaalEngels
    TitelForest tree breeding in Europe: current state-of-the-art and perspectives
    EditorsLuc.E. Pâques
    Aantal pagina's59
    Volume25
    UitgeverijSpringer
    Datum2013
    Pagina's403-462
    ISBN van geprinte versie978-94-007-6145-2
    ISBN van elektronische versie978-94-007-6146-9
    StatusGepubliceerd - 2013

    EWI Biomedische wetenschappen

    • B004-plantkunde
    • forestry
    • plant breeding/biotechnology
    • tree breeding
    • plant genetics and genomics

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