Research output

Comparison of integrative nature conservation in forest policy in Europe: A qualitative pilot study of institutional determinants

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article


  • Tobias Schulz
  • Frank Krumm
  • Winfried Bücking
  • Georg Frank
  • Daniel Kraus
  • Marcus Lier
  • Marco Lovric
  • Marieke Vander Maaten
  • Yoan Paillet
  • jari Parviainen
  • Giorgio Vacchiano

External Organisations

  • WSL, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
  • European Forest Institute - Central European Office
  • Forstliche Versuchsanstalt Baden-Württemberg
  • Federal Research and Training Centre for Forests, Natural Hazards and Landscape
  • METLA, Finnish Forest Research Institute
  • Institute of Botany and Landscape Ecology, University of Greifswald
  • Irstea
  • Universita` degi Studi di Torino, DISAFA


Original languageEnglish
JournalBiodiversity and Conservation
Issue number14
Pages (from-to)3425-3450
Number of pages26
Publication statusPublished - 2014


In this pilot study, we examine the relationship between the organisation of property rights and the economic importance of forestry on the one hand and the degree to which integrative nature conservation is formally implemented in forest policy on the other hand. Further, we are interested in whether political institutions moderate this relationship. We first offer a conceptualization of integrative nature conservation in forests and how to measure its implementation in law, ordinances and private agreements for a sample of European national and sub-national jurisdictions (Austria, Croatia, Finland, France, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Flanders, Baden-Württemberg and Piedmont). We subsequently try to assess the implementation of these rules and to relate them both to the structural characteristics of forestry and to an appraisal of pluralism in forest policy. Our qualitative analysis reveals that among the jurisdictions with a more centralized and corporatist forest policy, integrative nature conservation in forests tend to be less formally implemented the more corporatism dominates decision-making. It also confirms the expectation that among the more consensual jurisdictions with a strong forestry sector, rules tend to be less formally implemented. Further, the suspicion prevails that in the latter case, such rules are either complemented with exceptions for private forests or higher compensation. A more in-depth comparative examination is needed to further corroborate these findings.

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