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Detection of temporal trends in atmospheric deposition of inorganic nitrogen and sulphate to forests in Europe

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-articleResearchpeer-review

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Detection of temporal trends in atmospheric deposition of inorganic nitrogen and sulphate to forests in Europe. / Waldner, Peter; Marchetto, Aldo; Thimonier, Anne; Schmitt, Maria; Rogora, Michela; Granke, Oliver; Mues, Volker; Hansen, Karin; Pihl Karlsson, Gunilla; Zlindra, Daniel; Clarke, Nicholas; Verstraeten, Arne; Lazdins, Andis; Schimming, Claus; Iacoban, Carmen; Lindroos, Antti-Jussi; Vanguelova, Elena; Benham, Sue; Meesenburg, Henning; Nicolas, Manuel; Kowalska, Anna; Apuhtin, Vladislav; Nappa, Ulle; Lachmanova, Zora; Kristoefel, Ferdinand; Bleeker, Albert; Ingerslev, Morten; Vesterdal, Lars; Molina, Juan; Fischer, Uwe; Seidling, Walter; Jonard, Mathieu; O'Dea, Philip; Johnson, James; Fischer, Richard; Lorenz, Martin.

In: Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 95, 26.06.2014, p. 363-374.

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Waldner, P, Marchetto, A, Thimonier, A, Schmitt, M, Rogora, M, Granke, O, Mues, V, Hansen, K, Pihl Karlsson, G, Zlindra, D, Clarke, N, Verstraeten, A, Lazdins, A, Schimming, C, Iacoban, C, Lindroos, A-J, Vanguelova, E, Benham, S, Meesenburg, H, Nicolas, M, Kowalska, A, Apuhtin, V, Nappa, U, Lachmanova, Z, Kristoefel, F, Bleeker, A, Ingerslev, M, Vesterdal, L, Molina, J, Fischer, U, Seidling, W, Jonard, M, O'Dea, P, Johnson, J, Fischer, R & Lorenz, M 2014, 'Detection of temporal trends in atmospheric deposition of inorganic nitrogen and sulphate to forests in Europe', Atmospheric Environment, vol. 95, pp. 363-374. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.06.054

APA

Waldner, P., Marchetto, A., Thimonier, A., Schmitt, M., Rogora, M., Granke, O., ... Lorenz, M. (2014). Detection of temporal trends in atmospheric deposition of inorganic nitrogen and sulphate to forests in Europe. Atmospheric Environment, 95, 363-374. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.06.054

Author

Waldner, Peter ; Marchetto, Aldo ; Thimonier, Anne ; Schmitt, Maria ; Rogora, Michela ; Granke, Oliver ; Mues, Volker ; Hansen, Karin ; Pihl Karlsson, Gunilla ; Zlindra, Daniel ; Clarke, Nicholas ; Verstraeten, Arne ; Lazdins, Andis ; Schimming, Claus ; Iacoban, Carmen ; Lindroos, Antti-Jussi ; Vanguelova, Elena ; Benham, Sue ; Meesenburg, Henning ; Nicolas, Manuel ; Kowalska, Anna ; Apuhtin, Vladislav ; Nappa, Ulle ; Lachmanova, Zora ; Kristoefel, Ferdinand ; Bleeker, Albert ; Ingerslev, Morten ; Vesterdal, Lars ; Molina, Juan ; Fischer, Uwe ; Seidling, Walter ; Jonard, Mathieu ; O'Dea, Philip ; Johnson, James ; Fischer, Richard ; Lorenz, Martin. / Detection of temporal trends in atmospheric deposition of inorganic nitrogen and sulphate to forests in Europe. In: Atmospheric Environment. 2014 ; Vol. 95. pp. 363-374.

Bibtex

@article{65b043279bb5420ea327f12ecd5adebe,
title = "Detection of temporal trends in atmospheric deposition of inorganic nitrogen and sulphate to forests in Europe",
abstract = "Atmospheric deposition to forests has been monitored within the International Cooperative Programme on Assessment and Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Forests (ICP Forests) with sampling and analyses of bulk precipitation and throughfall at several hundred forested plots for more than 15 years. The current deposition of inorganic nitrogen (nitrate and ammonium) and sulphate is highest in central Europe as well as in some southern regions. We compared linear regression and ManneKendall trend analysis techniques often used to detect temporal trends in atmospheric deposition. The choice of method influenced the number of significant trends. Detection of trends was more powerful using monthly data compared to annual data. The slope of a trend needed to exceed a certain minimum in order to be detected despite the short-term variability of deposition. This variability could to a large extent be explained by meteorological processes, and the minimum slope of detectable trends was thussimilar across sites and many ions. The overall decreasing trends for inorganic nitrogen and sulphate in the decade to 2010 were about 2{\%} and 6{\%}, respectively. Time series of about 10 and 6 years were required to detect significant trends in inorganic nitrogen and sulphate on a single plot. The strongest decreasingtrends were observed in western central Europe in regions with relatively high deposition fluxes, whereas stable or slightly increasing deposition during the last 5 years was found east of the Alpine region as well as in northern Europe. Past reductions in anthropogenic emissions of both acidifying and eutrophying compounds can be confirmed due to the availability of long-term data series but further reductions are required to reduce deposition to European forests to levels below which significant harmful effects do not occur according to present knowledge.",
author = "Peter Waldner and Aldo Marchetto and Anne Thimonier and Maria Schmitt and Michela Rogora and Oliver Granke and Volker Mues and Karin Hansen and {Pihl Karlsson}, Gunilla and Daniel Zlindra and Nicholas Clarke and Arne Verstraeten and Andis Lazdins and Claus Schimming and Carmen Iacoban and Antti-Jussi Lindroos and Elena Vanguelova and Sue Benham and Henning Meesenburg and Manuel Nicolas and Anna Kowalska and Vladislav Apuhtin and Ulle Nappa and Zora Lachmanova and Ferdinand Kristoefel and Albert Bleeker and Morten Ingerslev and Lars Vesterdal and Juan Molina and Uwe Fischer and Walter Seidling and Mathieu Jonard and Philip O'Dea and James Johnson and Richard Fischer and Martin Lorenz",
year = "2014",
month = "6",
day = "26",
doi = "10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.06.054",
language = "English",
volume = "95",
pages = "363--374",
journal = "Atmospheric Environment",
issn = "1352-2310",
publisher = "Pergamon",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Detection of temporal trends in atmospheric deposition of inorganic nitrogen and sulphate to forests in Europe

AU - Waldner, Peter

AU - Marchetto, Aldo

AU - Thimonier, Anne

AU - Schmitt, Maria

AU - Rogora, Michela

AU - Granke, Oliver

AU - Mues, Volker

AU - Hansen, Karin

AU - Pihl Karlsson, Gunilla

AU - Zlindra, Daniel

AU - Clarke, Nicholas

AU - Verstraeten, Arne

AU - Lazdins, Andis

AU - Schimming, Claus

AU - Iacoban, Carmen

AU - Lindroos, Antti-Jussi

AU - Vanguelova, Elena

AU - Benham, Sue

AU - Meesenburg, Henning

AU - Nicolas, Manuel

AU - Kowalska, Anna

AU - Apuhtin, Vladislav

AU - Nappa, Ulle

AU - Lachmanova, Zora

AU - Kristoefel, Ferdinand

AU - Bleeker, Albert

AU - Ingerslev, Morten

AU - Vesterdal, Lars

AU - Molina, Juan

AU - Fischer, Uwe

AU - Seidling, Walter

AU - Jonard, Mathieu

AU - O'Dea, Philip

AU - Johnson, James

AU - Fischer, Richard

AU - Lorenz, Martin

PY - 2014/6/26

Y1 - 2014/6/26

N2 - Atmospheric deposition to forests has been monitored within the International Cooperative Programme on Assessment and Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Forests (ICP Forests) with sampling and analyses of bulk precipitation and throughfall at several hundred forested plots for more than 15 years. The current deposition of inorganic nitrogen (nitrate and ammonium) and sulphate is highest in central Europe as well as in some southern regions. We compared linear regression and ManneKendall trend analysis techniques often used to detect temporal trends in atmospheric deposition. The choice of method influenced the number of significant trends. Detection of trends was more powerful using monthly data compared to annual data. The slope of a trend needed to exceed a certain minimum in order to be detected despite the short-term variability of deposition. This variability could to a large extent be explained by meteorological processes, and the minimum slope of detectable trends was thussimilar across sites and many ions. The overall decreasing trends for inorganic nitrogen and sulphate in the decade to 2010 were about 2% and 6%, respectively. Time series of about 10 and 6 years were required to detect significant trends in inorganic nitrogen and sulphate on a single plot. The strongest decreasingtrends were observed in western central Europe in regions with relatively high deposition fluxes, whereas stable or slightly increasing deposition during the last 5 years was found east of the Alpine region as well as in northern Europe. Past reductions in anthropogenic emissions of both acidifying and eutrophying compounds can be confirmed due to the availability of long-term data series but further reductions are required to reduce deposition to European forests to levels below which significant harmful effects do not occur according to present knowledge.

AB - Atmospheric deposition to forests has been monitored within the International Cooperative Programme on Assessment and Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Forests (ICP Forests) with sampling and analyses of bulk precipitation and throughfall at several hundred forested plots for more than 15 years. The current deposition of inorganic nitrogen (nitrate and ammonium) and sulphate is highest in central Europe as well as in some southern regions. We compared linear regression and ManneKendall trend analysis techniques often used to detect temporal trends in atmospheric deposition. The choice of method influenced the number of significant trends. Detection of trends was more powerful using monthly data compared to annual data. The slope of a trend needed to exceed a certain minimum in order to be detected despite the short-term variability of deposition. This variability could to a large extent be explained by meteorological processes, and the minimum slope of detectable trends was thussimilar across sites and many ions. The overall decreasing trends for inorganic nitrogen and sulphate in the decade to 2010 were about 2% and 6%, respectively. Time series of about 10 and 6 years were required to detect significant trends in inorganic nitrogen and sulphate on a single plot. The strongest decreasingtrends were observed in western central Europe in regions with relatively high deposition fluxes, whereas stable or slightly increasing deposition during the last 5 years was found east of the Alpine region as well as in northern Europe. Past reductions in anthropogenic emissions of both acidifying and eutrophying compounds can be confirmed due to the availability of long-term data series but further reductions are required to reduce deposition to European forests to levels below which significant harmful effects do not occur according to present knowledge.

U2 - 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.06.054

DO - 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.06.054

M3 - A1: Web of Science-article

VL - 95

SP - 363

EP - 374

JO - Atmospheric Environment

JF - Atmospheric Environment

SN - 1352-2310

ER -

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