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Management trials and demonstrations for an invasive evergreen shrub in coastal dunes: A RINSE showcase in the Flemish dunes

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterResearch

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  • ANB West-Vlaanderen

Details

Original languageDutch
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 19-Dec-2013
Eventthemadag Omgaan met Exoten, Over perceptie, risicobeoordeling en beleid - Baarn, Netherlands
Duration: 19-Dec-201319-Dec-2013
http://www.werkgroepexoten.nl/themadag.php

Conference

Conferencethemadag Omgaan met Exoten, Over perceptie, risicobeoordeling en beleid
CountryNetherlands
CityBaarn
Period19/12/1319/12/13
Internet address

Abstract

Coastal dunes are a unique ecosystem and home to a large number of red list species. Embryonic dunes, shifting white or fixed grey dunes, humid and wet dune slacks, dune grasslands and moss dunes are high conservation value habitats of European importance. However, many of the dune areas are small and fragmented, making them very susceptible to external influences. Surveys have shown that the surrounding gardens are an important source of invasive plant species occurring in these natural areas. Some of these plants are starting to cause problems for native biodiversity. The North American Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium) is an evergreen shrub and a very popular garden plant in the area. It performs well on sandy soil along the coast and with its yellow flowers has great ornamental value. However, with its strong clonal growth it can strongly proliferate and overgrow native vegetation. Its blue berries are easily spread by birds. The root suckers of the plant fix the sand, thereby radically changing the dynamic nature of the dune ecosystem. Little is known about management of this invasive species. Therefore, within RINSE, an experiment was set up in three heavily infested dune reserves. Individual Mahonia shrubs were located with GPS and received different management treatments. Some were manually removed with shovels, some were treated with a glyphosate formula on the leafs, others were cut and paint with glyphosate or with a saturated salt solution as an environmentally friendly alternative. The direct effect of these treatments will be compared so that a clear advice can be given to the manager of these areas. Besides this field trial, which targets individual plants and small infestations in sensitive areas, a demonstration was held (November 2013) in highly infested areas on mechanical removal using a heavy crane. Here, invasive shrub (Oregon grape Mahonia aquifolium and Japanese rose Rosa rugosa) removal was combined with large scale landscape restoration. The effort will be documented (cost, effort, aftercare) and the outcome monitored in terms of regrowth from different depths. This work is performed in cooperation with the Agency for Nature and Forest. RINSE has also engaged in networking with local stakeholder forums to set up preventive actions towards garden centres, public bodies and private owners. The first real results of the Mahonia field trial are expected in spring 2014.
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