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Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid and organohalogen pollutants in liver of three freshwater fish species in Flanders (Belgium) : relationships with biochemical and organismal effects

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-article


  • P. T Hoff
  • K Van Campenhout
  • K Van de Vijver
  • A Covaci
  • L Bervoets
  • L Moens
  • G Huyskens
  • R Blust
  • W De Coen


Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)324-333
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2005


A perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) assessment was conducted on gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio), carp (Cyprinus carpio), and eel (Anguilla anguilla) in Flanders (Belgium). The liver PFOS concentrations in fish from the Ieperlee canal (Boezinge, 250–9031 ng/g wet weight, respectively) and the Blokkersdijk pond (Antwerp, 633–1822 ng/g wet weight) were higher than at the Zuun basin (Sint-Pieters-Leeuw, 11.2–162 ng/g wet weight) and among the highest in feral fish worldwide. Eel from the Oude Maas pond (Dilsen-Stokkem) and Watersportbaan basin (Ghent) had PFOS concentrations ranging between 212 and 857 ng/g wet weight. The hepatic PFOS concentration was significantly and positively related with the serum alanine aminotransferase activity, and negatively with the serum protein content in eel and carp. The hepatic PFOS concentration in carp correlated significantly and negatively with the serum electrolyte concentrations whereas a significant positive relation was found with the hematocrit in eel. Although 13 organochlorine pesticides, 22 polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners and 7 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were also measured in the liver tissue, only PCB 28, PCB 74, ?-hexachlorocyclohexane (?-HCH) and hexachlorobenzene (HCB) were suggested to contribute to the observed serological alterations in eel.
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