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Selective woodland exploitation for charcoal production. A detailed analysis of charcoal kiln remains (ca. 1300e1900 AD) from Zoersel (northern Belgium)

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Selective woodland exploitation for charcoal production. A detailed analysis of charcoal kiln remains (ca. 1300e1900 AD) from Zoersel (northern Belgium). / Deforce, K; Boeren, Ilse; Adriaenssens, S; Bastiaens, J; De Keersmaeker, Luc; Haneca, K; Tys, D; Vandekerkhove, Kris.

In: Journal of Archaeological Science, Vol. 40, 2013, p. 681-689.

Research output: Contribution to journalA1: Web of Science-articleResearchpeer-review

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@article{062266f4b4aa439fb298c6169381d531,
title = "Selective woodland exploitation for charcoal production. A detailed analysis of charcoal kiln remains (ca. 1300e1900 AD) from Zoersel (northern Belgium)",
abstract = "A detailed study of charcoal burning activities has been made for the Zoersel forest (Northern Belgium)based on an inventory of charcoal kiln remains, the analyses of wood charcoal and other charredbotanical macroremains and radiocarbon dating of 10 of these kilns. Age determination of the youngestkilns was re ? ned by dendrochronological analysis of trees growing on top of these kiln sites. The resultsshow that, although many kilns were found, charcoal was produced in Zoersel only at certain momentsduring late and post-medieval times suggesting that charcoal burning was not a part of the regularmanagement practice of these forests. The wood used for the production of charcoal mainly consists of taxa of alluvial (alder) forests while the kilns are situated on sites that currently are rather dry, with anoak dominated vegetation. For the older kilns, this contrast could be explained byan important change inlocal soil conditions. The younger kilns may be related to the conversion of alder woodland to grasslandin the lower parts of the domain, with the kilns being constructed in the nearby dryer woodland areas",
author = "K Deforce and Ilse Boeren and S Adriaenssens and J Bastiaens and {De Keersmaeker}, Luc and K Haneca and D Tys and Kris Vandekerkhove",
note = "Publication Authorstring : Deforce, K.; Boeren, I.; Adriaenssens, S.; Bastiaens, J.; De Keersmaeker, L.; Haneca, K.; Tys, D.; Vandekerkhove, K. Publication RefStringPartII : <i>Journal of Archaeological Science 40</i>: 681-689",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1016/j.jas.2012.07.009",
language = "English",
volume = "40",
pages = "681--689",
journal = "Journal of Archaeological Science",
issn = "0305-4403",
publisher = "Academic Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Selective woodland exploitation for charcoal production. A detailed analysis of charcoal kiln remains (ca. 1300e1900 AD) from Zoersel (northern Belgium)

AU - Deforce, K

AU - Boeren, Ilse

AU - Adriaenssens, S

AU - Bastiaens, J

AU - De Keersmaeker, Luc

AU - Haneca, K

AU - Tys, D

AU - Vandekerkhove, Kris

N1 - Publication Authorstring : Deforce, K.; Boeren, I.; Adriaenssens, S.; Bastiaens, J.; De Keersmaeker, L.; Haneca, K.; Tys, D.; Vandekerkhove, K. Publication RefStringPartII : <i>Journal of Archaeological Science 40</i>: 681-689

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - A detailed study of charcoal burning activities has been made for the Zoersel forest (Northern Belgium)based on an inventory of charcoal kiln remains, the analyses of wood charcoal and other charredbotanical macroremains and radiocarbon dating of 10 of these kilns. Age determination of the youngestkilns was re ? ned by dendrochronological analysis of trees growing on top of these kiln sites. The resultsshow that, although many kilns were found, charcoal was produced in Zoersel only at certain momentsduring late and post-medieval times suggesting that charcoal burning was not a part of the regularmanagement practice of these forests. The wood used for the production of charcoal mainly consists of taxa of alluvial (alder) forests while the kilns are situated on sites that currently are rather dry, with anoak dominated vegetation. For the older kilns, this contrast could be explained byan important change inlocal soil conditions. The younger kilns may be related to the conversion of alder woodland to grasslandin the lower parts of the domain, with the kilns being constructed in the nearby dryer woodland areas

AB - A detailed study of charcoal burning activities has been made for the Zoersel forest (Northern Belgium)based on an inventory of charcoal kiln remains, the analyses of wood charcoal and other charredbotanical macroremains and radiocarbon dating of 10 of these kilns. Age determination of the youngestkilns was re ? ned by dendrochronological analysis of trees growing on top of these kiln sites. The resultsshow that, although many kilns were found, charcoal was produced in Zoersel only at certain momentsduring late and post-medieval times suggesting that charcoal burning was not a part of the regularmanagement practice of these forests. The wood used for the production of charcoal mainly consists of taxa of alluvial (alder) forests while the kilns are situated on sites that currently are rather dry, with anoak dominated vegetation. For the older kilns, this contrast could be explained byan important change inlocal soil conditions. The younger kilns may be related to the conversion of alder woodland to grasslandin the lower parts of the domain, with the kilns being constructed in the nearby dryer woodland areas

U2 - 10.1016/j.jas.2012.07.009

DO - 10.1016/j.jas.2012.07.009

M3 - A1: Web of Science-article

VL - 40

SP - 681

EP - 689

JO - Journal of Archaeological Science

JF - Journal of Archaeological Science

SN - 0305-4403

ER -

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