Research output

Vitamin K requirement of two VKORC1 resistant Norway rat (Rattus Norvegicus) strains common in Belgium: Y139F and L120Q

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Abstract



Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe 9th European Vertebrate Pest Management Conference: Abstracts
Number of pages1
Publication date22-Sep-2013
ISBN (Print)ISBN 978-951-40-2434-4
ISBN (Electronic)ISBN 978-951-40-2433-7
Publication statusPublished - 22-Sep-2013
Event9th European Vertebrate Pest Management Conference - Turku, Finland
Duration: 22-Sep-201327-Sep-2013


Vitamin K is an essential co-factor in the activation of several coagulation factors and plays an important role in blood coagulation. Resistance against anticoagulant rodenticides is based on a single nucleotide polymorphism in the VKORC1 gene. A pleiotropic effect of rodenticide resistance is an increased need for vitamin K. Therefore we tested homozygous resistant rats (Y139F, L120Q) for their vitamin K requirement by feeding six males and six females of each strain with a vitamin K deficient diet (Altromin) for two weeks, yet coprophagy was not prevented. Then on day 0,3,5,7,10,14 of the experiment prothrombin time (PT) was measured and expressed as international normalized ratio (INR). Rats with an INR>5 were considered as responders.
Three L120Q-males showed a slightly increased PT (INR>2) on day 0, while five L120Q-males reached an INR>5 (1/day3, 2/day5, 1/day10 and 1/day14). Within the group of the L120Q-females two rats responded to the treatment respectively on day 10 and 14, and one rat died on day 7 without bleeding signs. One Y139F-male showed an INR>5 on day 7 and two Y139F-males died on day 10 with signs of severe anaemia and so considered as responders. None of the Y139F-females reached an INR>5.
According to this preliminary study the L120Q-strain is more sensitive to vitamin K deprivation than the Y139F-strain. Although both strains showed a prolonged clotting time compared to warfarin susceptible strains, it remains unclear in which degree vitamin K deficiency occurs in the field and could affect the relative fitness of resistant rats.

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  • rodenticide resistance
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