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Beach nourishment: an ecologically sound coastal defence alternative? A review

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftA1: Web of Science-artikelOnderzoekpeer review

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Beach nourishment : an ecologically sound coastal defence alternative? A review. / Speybroeck, Jeroen; Bonte, D; Courtens, Wouter; Gheskiere, T; Grootaert, P; Maelfait, Jean-Pierre; Mathys, M; Provoost, Sam; Sabbe, K; Stienen, Eric; Van Lancker, V; Vincx, M; Degraer, S.

In: Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, Vol. 16, Nr. 4, 2006, blz. 419-435.

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftA1: Web of Science-artikelOnderzoekpeer review

Harvard

Speybroeck, J, Bonte, D, Courtens, W, Gheskiere, T, Grootaert, P, Maelfait, J-P, Mathys, M, Provoost, S, Sabbe, K, Stienen, E, Van Lancker, V, Vincx, M & Degraer, S 2006, 'Beach nourishment: an ecologically sound coastal defence alternative? A review', Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, vol. 16, nr. 4, blz. 419-435. https://doi.org/10.1002/aqc.733

APA

Author

Speybroeck, Jeroen ; Bonte, D ; Courtens, Wouter ; Gheskiere, T ; Grootaert, P ; Maelfait, Jean-Pierre ; Mathys, M ; Provoost, Sam ; Sabbe, K ; Stienen, Eric ; Van Lancker, V ; Vincx, M ; Degraer, S. / Beach nourishment : an ecologically sound coastal defence alternative? A review. In: Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. 2006 ; Vol. 16, Nr. 4. blz. 419-435.

Bibtex

@article{622cb8ca9a7a49b588d79e295d5696a1,
title = "Beach nourishment: an ecologically sound coastal defence alternative? A review",
abstract = "Even though beach nourishment is generally considered as an environment-friendly option for coastal protection and beach restoration, sizeable impacts on several beach ecosystem components (microphytobenthos, vascular plants, terrestrial arthropods, marine zoobenthos and avifauna) are described in the literature, as reviewed in this paper.Negative, ecosystem-component specific effects of beach nourishment dominate in the short to medium term, with the size of the iinpact being determined by (1) activities during the construction phase, (2) the quality and (3) the quantity of the nourishment sand, (4) the timing, place and size of proect, and (5) the nourishment technique and strategy applied Over the long term the speed and degree of ecological recovery largely depend on the physical characteristics of the beach habitat, mainly determined by (1) sediment quality and quantity, (2) the nourishment technique and strategy applied, (3) the place and the size of nourishment and (4) the physical environment prior to nourishment.The limited information available on indirect and cumulative ecological effects indicates that these effects cannot be neglected in an overall impact assessment. Hence, for ecologically good practice of beach nourishment it is advised (1) to choose nourishment sands with a sediment composition comparable to that of the natural sediment, (2) to avoid short-term compaction by ploughing immediately after construction, (3) to execute the nourishment in a period of low beach use by birds and other mobile organisms, (4) to choose a number of smaller projects rather than a single large nourishment project and (5) to select the nourishment technique with respect to the local natural values.In order to allow an objective, scientifically sound, ecological adjustment of future nourishments, research should aim at (1) taking into account the full sandy beach ecosystem, (2) avoiding strategic imperfections in experimental design and (3) elucidating the biological processes behind impact and recovery of all ecosystem components.",
author = "Jeroen Speybroeck and D Bonte and Wouter Courtens and T Gheskiere and P Grootaert and Jean-Pierre Maelfait and M Mathys and Sam Provoost and K Sabbe and Eric Stienen and {Van Lancker}, V and M Vincx and S Degraer",
year = "2006",
doi = "10.1002/aqc.733",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "419--435",
journal = "Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems",
issn = "1052-7613",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Beach nourishment

T2 - an ecologically sound coastal defence alternative? A review

AU - Speybroeck, Jeroen

AU - Bonte, D

AU - Courtens, Wouter

AU - Gheskiere, T

AU - Grootaert, P

AU - Maelfait, Jean-Pierre

AU - Mathys, M

AU - Provoost, Sam

AU - Sabbe, K

AU - Stienen, Eric

AU - Van Lancker, V

AU - Vincx, M

AU - Degraer, S

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - Even though beach nourishment is generally considered as an environment-friendly option for coastal protection and beach restoration, sizeable impacts on several beach ecosystem components (microphytobenthos, vascular plants, terrestrial arthropods, marine zoobenthos and avifauna) are described in the literature, as reviewed in this paper.Negative, ecosystem-component specific effects of beach nourishment dominate in the short to medium term, with the size of the iinpact being determined by (1) activities during the construction phase, (2) the quality and (3) the quantity of the nourishment sand, (4) the timing, place and size of proect, and (5) the nourishment technique and strategy applied Over the long term the speed and degree of ecological recovery largely depend on the physical characteristics of the beach habitat, mainly determined by (1) sediment quality and quantity, (2) the nourishment technique and strategy applied, (3) the place and the size of nourishment and (4) the physical environment prior to nourishment.The limited information available on indirect and cumulative ecological effects indicates that these effects cannot be neglected in an overall impact assessment. Hence, for ecologically good practice of beach nourishment it is advised (1) to choose nourishment sands with a sediment composition comparable to that of the natural sediment, (2) to avoid short-term compaction by ploughing immediately after construction, (3) to execute the nourishment in a period of low beach use by birds and other mobile organisms, (4) to choose a number of smaller projects rather than a single large nourishment project and (5) to select the nourishment technique with respect to the local natural values.In order to allow an objective, scientifically sound, ecological adjustment of future nourishments, research should aim at (1) taking into account the full sandy beach ecosystem, (2) avoiding strategic imperfections in experimental design and (3) elucidating the biological processes behind impact and recovery of all ecosystem components.

AB - Even though beach nourishment is generally considered as an environment-friendly option for coastal protection and beach restoration, sizeable impacts on several beach ecosystem components (microphytobenthos, vascular plants, terrestrial arthropods, marine zoobenthos and avifauna) are described in the literature, as reviewed in this paper.Negative, ecosystem-component specific effects of beach nourishment dominate in the short to medium term, with the size of the iinpact being determined by (1) activities during the construction phase, (2) the quality and (3) the quantity of the nourishment sand, (4) the timing, place and size of proect, and (5) the nourishment technique and strategy applied Over the long term the speed and degree of ecological recovery largely depend on the physical characteristics of the beach habitat, mainly determined by (1) sediment quality and quantity, (2) the nourishment technique and strategy applied, (3) the place and the size of nourishment and (4) the physical environment prior to nourishment.The limited information available on indirect and cumulative ecological effects indicates that these effects cannot be neglected in an overall impact assessment. Hence, for ecologically good practice of beach nourishment it is advised (1) to choose nourishment sands with a sediment composition comparable to that of the natural sediment, (2) to avoid short-term compaction by ploughing immediately after construction, (3) to execute the nourishment in a period of low beach use by birds and other mobile organisms, (4) to choose a number of smaller projects rather than a single large nourishment project and (5) to select the nourishment technique with respect to the local natural values.In order to allow an objective, scientifically sound, ecological adjustment of future nourishments, research should aim at (1) taking into account the full sandy beach ecosystem, (2) avoiding strategic imperfections in experimental design and (3) elucidating the biological processes behind impact and recovery of all ecosystem components.

U2 - 10.1002/aqc.733

DO - 10.1002/aqc.733

M3 - A1: Web of Science-article

VL - 16

SP - 419

EP - 435

JO - Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems

JF - Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems

SN - 1052-7613

IS - 4

ER -

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