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Disturbance is the key to plant invasions in cold environments.

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Disturbance is the key to plant invasions in cold environments. / Lembrechts, Jonas Johan; Pauchard, Anibal; Lenoir, Jonathan; Nunez, Martin A.; Geron, Charly; Ven, Arne; Bravo-Monasterio, Pablo; Teneb, Ernesto; Nijs, Ivan; Milbau, Ann.

In: Proceedings of the National Acadamy of Sciences, Vol. 113, Nr. 49, 21.11.2016, blz. 14061-14066.

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftA1: Web of Science-artikel

Harvard

Lembrechts, JJ, Pauchard, A, Lenoir, J, Nunez, MA, Geron, C, Ven, A, Bravo-Monasterio, P, Teneb, E, Nijs, I & Milbau, A 2016, 'Disturbance is the key to plant invasions in cold environments.', Proceedings of the National Acadamy of Sciences, vol. 113, nr. 49, blz. 14061-14066. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1608980113

APA

Lembrechts, J. J., Pauchard, A., Lenoir, J., Nunez, M. A., Geron, C., Ven, A., ... Milbau, A. (2016). Disturbance is the key to plant invasions in cold environments. Proceedings of the National Acadamy of Sciences, 113(49), 14061-14066. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1608980113

Author

Lembrechts, Jonas Johan ; Pauchard, Anibal ; Lenoir, Jonathan ; Nunez, Martin A. ; Geron, Charly ; Ven, Arne ; Bravo-Monasterio, Pablo ; Teneb, Ernesto ; Nijs, Ivan ; Milbau, Ann. / Disturbance is the key to plant invasions in cold environments. In: Proceedings of the National Acadamy of Sciences. 2016 ; Vol. 113, Nr. 49. blz. 14061-14066.

Bibtex

@article{e1bb4457186445b39c12d74df2db3931,
title = "Disturbance is the key to plant invasions in cold environments.",
abstract = "Until now, nonnative plant species were rarely found at high elevationsand latitudes. However, partly because of climate warming, biologicalinvasions are now on the rise in these extremely cold environments.These plant invasions make it timely to undertake a thoroughexperimental assessment of what has previously been holding themback. This knowledge is key to developing efficient management of theincreasing risks of cold-climate invasions. Here, we integrate humaninterventions (i.e., disturbance, nutrient addition, and propagule input)and climatic factors (i.e., temperature) into one seed-addition experimentacross two continents: the subantarctic Andes and subarcticScandinavian mountains (Scandes), to disentangle their roles in limitingor favoring plant invasions. Disturbance was found as the maindeterminant of plant invader success (i.e., establishment, growth, andflowering) along the entire cold-climate gradient, explaining 40–60{\%} ofthe total variance in our models, with no indication of any facilitativeeffect from the native vegetation. Higher nutrient levels additionallystimulated biomass production and flowering. Establishment and floweringdisplayed a hump-shaped response with increasing elevation,suggesting that competition is the main limit on invader success atlow elevations, as opposed to low-growing-season temperatures athigh elevations. Our experiment showed, however, that nonnativeplants can establish, grow, and flower well above their current elevationallimits in high-latitude mountains. We thus argue that cold-climateecosystems are likely to see rapid increases in plant invasions inthe near future as a result of a synergistic interaction between increasinghuman-mediated disturbances and climate warming.",
author = "Lembrechts, {Jonas Johan} and Anibal Pauchard and Jonathan Lenoir and Nunez, {Martin A.} and Charly Geron and Arne Ven and Pablo Bravo-Monasterio and Ernesto Teneb and Ivan Nijs and Ann Milbau",
year = "2016",
month = "11",
day = "21",
doi = "10.1073/pnas.1608980113",
language = "English",
volume = "113",
pages = "14061--14066",
journal = "Proceedings of the National Acadamy of Sciences",
number = "49",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Disturbance is the key to plant invasions in cold environments.

AU - Lembrechts, Jonas Johan

AU - Pauchard, Anibal

AU - Lenoir, Jonathan

AU - Nunez, Martin A.

AU - Geron, Charly

AU - Ven, Arne

AU - Bravo-Monasterio, Pablo

AU - Teneb, Ernesto

AU - Nijs, Ivan

AU - Milbau, Ann

PY - 2016/11/21

Y1 - 2016/11/21

N2 - Until now, nonnative plant species were rarely found at high elevationsand latitudes. However, partly because of climate warming, biologicalinvasions are now on the rise in these extremely cold environments.These plant invasions make it timely to undertake a thoroughexperimental assessment of what has previously been holding themback. This knowledge is key to developing efficient management of theincreasing risks of cold-climate invasions. Here, we integrate humaninterventions (i.e., disturbance, nutrient addition, and propagule input)and climatic factors (i.e., temperature) into one seed-addition experimentacross two continents: the subantarctic Andes and subarcticScandinavian mountains (Scandes), to disentangle their roles in limitingor favoring plant invasions. Disturbance was found as the maindeterminant of plant invader success (i.e., establishment, growth, andflowering) along the entire cold-climate gradient, explaining 40–60% ofthe total variance in our models, with no indication of any facilitativeeffect from the native vegetation. Higher nutrient levels additionallystimulated biomass production and flowering. Establishment and floweringdisplayed a hump-shaped response with increasing elevation,suggesting that competition is the main limit on invader success atlow elevations, as opposed to low-growing-season temperatures athigh elevations. Our experiment showed, however, that nonnativeplants can establish, grow, and flower well above their current elevationallimits in high-latitude mountains. We thus argue that cold-climateecosystems are likely to see rapid increases in plant invasions inthe near future as a result of a synergistic interaction between increasinghuman-mediated disturbances and climate warming.

AB - Until now, nonnative plant species were rarely found at high elevationsand latitudes. However, partly because of climate warming, biologicalinvasions are now on the rise in these extremely cold environments.These plant invasions make it timely to undertake a thoroughexperimental assessment of what has previously been holding themback. This knowledge is key to developing efficient management of theincreasing risks of cold-climate invasions. Here, we integrate humaninterventions (i.e., disturbance, nutrient addition, and propagule input)and climatic factors (i.e., temperature) into one seed-addition experimentacross two continents: the subantarctic Andes and subarcticScandinavian mountains (Scandes), to disentangle their roles in limitingor favoring plant invasions. Disturbance was found as the maindeterminant of plant invader success (i.e., establishment, growth, andflowering) along the entire cold-climate gradient, explaining 40–60% ofthe total variance in our models, with no indication of any facilitativeeffect from the native vegetation. Higher nutrient levels additionallystimulated biomass production and flowering. Establishment and floweringdisplayed a hump-shaped response with increasing elevation,suggesting that competition is the main limit on invader success atlow elevations, as opposed to low-growing-season temperatures athigh elevations. Our experiment showed, however, that nonnativeplants can establish, grow, and flower well above their current elevationallimits in high-latitude mountains. We thus argue that cold-climateecosystems are likely to see rapid increases in plant invasions inthe near future as a result of a synergistic interaction between increasinghuman-mediated disturbances and climate warming.

UR - http://www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1608980113

U2 - 10.1073/pnas.1608980113

DO - 10.1073/pnas.1608980113

M3 - A1: Web of Science-article

VL - 113

SP - 14061

EP - 14066

JO - Proceedings of the National Acadamy of Sciences

JF - Proceedings of the National Acadamy of Sciences

IS - 49

ER -

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