Is energy cropping in Europe compatible with biodiversity? Opportunities and threats to biodiversity from land-based production of biomass for bioenergy purposes
Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschrift › A1: Web of Science-artikel
|Tijdschrift||Biomass and bioenergy|
|Status||Gepubliceerd - 2013|
Publication Authorstring : Pedroli, B.; Elbersen, B.; Frederiksen, P.; Grandin, U.; Heikkila, R.; Henning Krogh, P.; Izakovicová, Z.; Johansen, A.; Meiresonne, L.; Spijker, J.
Publication RefStringPartII : <i>Biomass and bioenergy xxx</i>: 1-14
Based on literature and six country studies (Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Netherlands,
Sweden, Slovakia) this paper discusses the compatibility of the EU 2020 targets for
renewable energy with conservation of biodiversity.
We conclude that increased demand for biomass for bioenergy purposes may lead to
a continued conversion of valuable habitats into productive lands and to intensification,
which both have negative effects on biodiversity. On the other hand, increased demand for
biomass also provides opportunities for biodiversity, both within existing productive lands
and in abandoned or degraded lands. Perennial crops may lead to increased diversity in
crop patterns, lower input uses, and higher landscape structural diversity which may all
have positive effects on biodiversity.
In production forest opportunities exist to harvest primary wood residues. Removal of
these forest residues under strict sustainability conditions may become economically
attractive with increased biomass demand.
An additional biomass potential is represented by recreation areas, road-side verges,
semi-natural and natural areas and lands which have no other use because they have been
abandoned, polluted or degraded.
Whether effects of cropping of biomass and/or removal of biomass has positive or
negative impact on biodiversity depends strongly on specific regional circumstances, the
type of land and land use shifts involved and the associated management practices in
general. However, it is clear that in the six countries studied certain types of biomass crops
are likely to be more sustainable than others.
- Biomass, biodiversity, bioenergy, EU, conversion
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