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Protection gaps and restoration opportunities for primary forests in Europe

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftA1: Web of Science-artikel

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Protection gaps and restoration opportunities for primary forests in Europe. / Sabatini, Francesco M.; Keeton, William S.; Lindner, Marcus; Svoboda, Miroslav; Verkerk, Pieter J.; Bauhus, Jürgen; Bruelheide, Helge; Burrascano, Sabina; Debaive, Nicolas; Duarte, Inês; Garbarino, Matteo; Grigoriadis, Nikolaos; Lombardi, Fabio; Mikoláš, Martin; Meyer, Peter; Motta, Renzo; Mozgeris, Gintautas; Nunes, Leónia; Ódor, Péter; Panayotov, Momchil; Ruete, Alejandro; Simovski, Bojan; Stillhard, Jonas; Svensson, Johan; Szwagrzyk, Jerzy; Tikkanen, Olli-Pekka; Vandekerkhove, Kris; Volosyanchuk, Roman; Vrska, Tomas; Zlatanov, Tzvetan; Kuemmerle, Tobias.

In: Diversity and Distributions, Vol. 26, Nr. n/a, 15.09.2020, blz. 1646–1662.

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftA1: Web of Science-artikel

Harvard

Sabatini, FM, Keeton, WS, Lindner, M, Svoboda, M, Verkerk, PJ, Bauhus, J, Bruelheide, H, Burrascano, S, Debaive, N, Duarte, I, Garbarino, M, Grigoriadis, N, Lombardi, F, Mikoláš, M, Meyer, P, Motta, R, Mozgeris, G, Nunes, L, Ódor, P, Panayotov, M, Ruete, A, Simovski, B, Stillhard, J, Svensson, J, Szwagrzyk, J, Tikkanen, O-P, Vandekerkhove, K, Volosyanchuk, R, Vrska, T, Zlatanov, T & Kuemmerle, T 2020, 'Protection gaps and restoration opportunities for primary forests in Europe', Diversity and Distributions, vol. 26, nr. n/a, blz. 1646–1662. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.13158

APA

Sabatini, F. M., Keeton, W. S., Lindner, M., Svoboda, M., Verkerk, P. J., Bauhus, J., ... Kuemmerle, T. (2020). Protection gaps and restoration opportunities for primary forests in Europe. Diversity and Distributions, 26(n/a), 1646–1662. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.13158

Author

Sabatini, Francesco M. ; Keeton, William S. ; Lindner, Marcus ; Svoboda, Miroslav ; Verkerk, Pieter J. ; Bauhus, Jürgen ; Bruelheide, Helge ; Burrascano, Sabina ; Debaive, Nicolas ; Duarte, Inês ; Garbarino, Matteo ; Grigoriadis, Nikolaos ; Lombardi, Fabio ; Mikoláš, Martin ; Meyer, Peter ; Motta, Renzo ; Mozgeris, Gintautas ; Nunes, Leónia ; Ódor, Péter ; Panayotov, Momchil ; Ruete, Alejandro ; Simovski, Bojan ; Stillhard, Jonas ; Svensson, Johan ; Szwagrzyk, Jerzy ; Tikkanen, Olli-Pekka ; Vandekerkhove, Kris ; Volosyanchuk, Roman ; Vrska, Tomas ; Zlatanov, Tzvetan ; Kuemmerle, Tobias. / Protection gaps and restoration opportunities for primary forests in Europe. In: Diversity and Distributions. 2020 ; Vol. 26, Nr. n/a. blz. 1646–1662.

Bibtex

@article{c334cec071cb46bc97c5674f5b1ab43b,
title = "Protection gaps and restoration opportunities for primary forests in Europe",
abstract = "Abstract Aims Primary forests are critical for forest biodiversity and provide key ecosystem services. In Europe, these forests are particularly scarce and it is unclear whether they are sufficiently protected. Here we aim to: (a) understand whether extant primary forests are representative of the range of naturally occurring forest types, (b) identify forest types which host enough primary forest under strict protection to meet conservation targets and (c) highlight areas where restoration is needed and feasible. Location Europe. Methods We combined a unique geodatabase of primary forests with maps of forest cover, potential natural vegetation, biogeographic regions and protected areas to quantify the proportion of extant primary forest across Europe's forest types and to identify gaps in protection. Using spatial predictions of primary forest locations to account for underreporting of primary forests, we then highlighted areas where restoration could complement protection. Results We found a substantial bias in primary forest distribution across forest types. Of the 54 forest types we assessed, six had no primary forest at all, and in two-thirds of forest types, less than 1{\%} of forest was primary. Even if generally protected, only ten forest types had more than half of their primary forests strictly protected. Protecting all documented primary forests requires expanding the protected area networks by 1,132 km2 (19,194 km2 when including also predicted primary forests). Encouragingly, large areas of non-primary forest existed inside protected areas for most types, thus presenting restoration opportunities. Main conclusion Europe's primary forests are in a perilous state, as also acknowledged by EU's “Biodiversity Strategy for 2030.” Yet, there are considerable opportunities for ensuring better protection and restoring primary forest structure, composition and functioning, at least partially. We advocate integrated policy reforms that explicitly account for the irreplaceable nature of primary forests and ramp up protection and restoration efforts alike.",
author = "Sabatini, {Francesco M.} and Keeton, {William S.} and Marcus Lindner and Miroslav Svoboda and Verkerk, {Pieter J.} and J{\"u}rgen Bauhus and Helge Bruelheide and Sabina Burrascano and Nicolas Debaive and In{\^e}s Duarte and Matteo Garbarino and Nikolaos Grigoriadis and Fabio Lombardi and Martin Mikol{\'a}š and Peter Meyer and Renzo Motta and Gintautas Mozgeris and Le{\'o}nia Nunes and P{\'e}ter {\'O}dor and Momchil Panayotov and Alejandro Ruete and Bojan Simovski and Jonas Stillhard and Johan Svensson and Jerzy Szwagrzyk and Olli-Pekka Tikkanen and Kris Vandekerkhove and Roman Volosyanchuk and Tomas Vrska and Tzvetan Zlatanov and Tobias Kuemmerle",
year = "2020",
month = "9",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1111/ddi.13158",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "1646–1662",
journal = "Diversity and Distributions",
issn = "1366-9516",
publisher = "Blackwell Scientific Publishers",
number = "n/a",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Protection gaps and restoration opportunities for primary forests in Europe

AU - Sabatini, Francesco M.

AU - Keeton, William S.

AU - Lindner, Marcus

AU - Svoboda, Miroslav

AU - Verkerk, Pieter J.

AU - Bauhus, Jürgen

AU - Bruelheide, Helge

AU - Burrascano, Sabina

AU - Debaive, Nicolas

AU - Duarte, Inês

AU - Garbarino, Matteo

AU - Grigoriadis, Nikolaos

AU - Lombardi, Fabio

AU - Mikoláš, Martin

AU - Meyer, Peter

AU - Motta, Renzo

AU - Mozgeris, Gintautas

AU - Nunes, Leónia

AU - Ódor, Péter

AU - Panayotov, Momchil

AU - Ruete, Alejandro

AU - Simovski, Bojan

AU - Stillhard, Jonas

AU - Svensson, Johan

AU - Szwagrzyk, Jerzy

AU - Tikkanen, Olli-Pekka

AU - Vandekerkhove, Kris

AU - Volosyanchuk, Roman

AU - Vrska, Tomas

AU - Zlatanov, Tzvetan

AU - Kuemmerle, Tobias

PY - 2020/9/15

Y1 - 2020/9/15

N2 - Abstract Aims Primary forests are critical for forest biodiversity and provide key ecosystem services. In Europe, these forests are particularly scarce and it is unclear whether they are sufficiently protected. Here we aim to: (a) understand whether extant primary forests are representative of the range of naturally occurring forest types, (b) identify forest types which host enough primary forest under strict protection to meet conservation targets and (c) highlight areas where restoration is needed and feasible. Location Europe. Methods We combined a unique geodatabase of primary forests with maps of forest cover, potential natural vegetation, biogeographic regions and protected areas to quantify the proportion of extant primary forest across Europe's forest types and to identify gaps in protection. Using spatial predictions of primary forest locations to account for underreporting of primary forests, we then highlighted areas where restoration could complement protection. Results We found a substantial bias in primary forest distribution across forest types. Of the 54 forest types we assessed, six had no primary forest at all, and in two-thirds of forest types, less than 1% of forest was primary. Even if generally protected, only ten forest types had more than half of their primary forests strictly protected. Protecting all documented primary forests requires expanding the protected area networks by 1,132 km2 (19,194 km2 when including also predicted primary forests). Encouragingly, large areas of non-primary forest existed inside protected areas for most types, thus presenting restoration opportunities. Main conclusion Europe's primary forests are in a perilous state, as also acknowledged by EU's “Biodiversity Strategy for 2030.” Yet, there are considerable opportunities for ensuring better protection and restoring primary forest structure, composition and functioning, at least partially. We advocate integrated policy reforms that explicitly account for the irreplaceable nature of primary forests and ramp up protection and restoration efforts alike.

AB - Abstract Aims Primary forests are critical for forest biodiversity and provide key ecosystem services. In Europe, these forests are particularly scarce and it is unclear whether they are sufficiently protected. Here we aim to: (a) understand whether extant primary forests are representative of the range of naturally occurring forest types, (b) identify forest types which host enough primary forest under strict protection to meet conservation targets and (c) highlight areas where restoration is needed and feasible. Location Europe. Methods We combined a unique geodatabase of primary forests with maps of forest cover, potential natural vegetation, biogeographic regions and protected areas to quantify the proportion of extant primary forest across Europe's forest types and to identify gaps in protection. Using spatial predictions of primary forest locations to account for underreporting of primary forests, we then highlighted areas where restoration could complement protection. Results We found a substantial bias in primary forest distribution across forest types. Of the 54 forest types we assessed, six had no primary forest at all, and in two-thirds of forest types, less than 1% of forest was primary. Even if generally protected, only ten forest types had more than half of their primary forests strictly protected. Protecting all documented primary forests requires expanding the protected area networks by 1,132 km2 (19,194 km2 when including also predicted primary forests). Encouragingly, large areas of non-primary forest existed inside protected areas for most types, thus presenting restoration opportunities. Main conclusion Europe's primary forests are in a perilous state, as also acknowledged by EU's “Biodiversity Strategy for 2030.” Yet, there are considerable opportunities for ensuring better protection and restoring primary forest structure, composition and functioning, at least partially. We advocate integrated policy reforms that explicitly account for the irreplaceable nature of primary forests and ramp up protection and restoration efforts alike.

U2 - 10.1111/ddi.13158

DO - 10.1111/ddi.13158

M3 - A1: Web of Science-article

VL - 26

SP - 1646

EP - 1662

JO - Diversity and Distributions

JF - Diversity and Distributions

SN - 1366-9516

IS - n/a

ER -

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