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SEFINS: de omgeving beschermen tegen invasieve uitheemse soorten: clusterinitiatief

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Auteurs

  • Olaf Booy
  • Etienne Branquart
  • Sabrine Derveaux
  • Bram D'hondt
  • Céline Fontaine
  • Quentin Groom
  • Katy Owen
  • Johan Robbens
  • Michael Sutton-Croft
  • Sonia Vanderhoeven
  • Johan van Valkenburg
  • Sander Wijnhoven

Externe Organisaties

  • ILVO
  • Plantentuin Meise
  • Norfolk County Council
  • Belgian Biodiversity Platform
  • NIOZ

Details

Originele taal-2Engels
Aantal pagina's30
StatusGepubliceerd - okt-2014

Bibliografische nota

2Seas Magazine Special Focus October 2014. Interreg IVA 2 Mers Seas Zeeën

Sabrine Derveaux, Bram D’hondt, Céline Fontaine, Quentin Groom, Katy Owen,
Johan Robbens, Heather Sugden, Michael Sutton-Croft, Sonia Vanderhoeven,
Erika Van den Bergh, Johan van Valkenburg, Sander Wijnhoven.

Abstract

Invasive non-native species (INS) are species which have moved outside of their natural range, usually with the aid of humans, and are causing environmental or economic damage. At a global level, INS are believed to be one of the most significant causes behind loss of biodiversity – second only to habitat destruction. Their economic impact is also substantial. A recent study by the European Environment Agency (EEA) estimated that INS cost Europe in the region of 12 billion Euros every year. Despite the severe damage these species are causing, there is little in the way of a coordinated effort to reduce their impact and spread across Europe.

Over recent years a number of projects have sought to improve the management of INS across the Two Seas region, by bringing together research institutes, universities, local government, land managers, businesses and other relevant stakeholders to form cross-border partnerships. RINSE (Reducing the Impact of Non-native Species In Europe) focussed primarily on INS within
freshwater and terrestrial habitats. It undertook a broad range of activities in order to share best practice across the region, develop new ways to manage INS, improve the capacity of local organisations to manage INS, prioritise INS already present in the region for action and identify species likely to cause problems in the near future. The MEMO (Mnemiopsis Ecology, Modelling
and Observation) partnership was composed of experts in marine INS and focussed on one species in particular – the American comb jelly Mnemiopsis leidyi. This invasive jellyfish-like species was accidentally introduced to the Two Seas region and has since spread along the coasts of northern France, Belgium and the Netherlands. MEMO undertook a range of activities
to assess awareness and perceptions of the jelly amongst key stakeholder groups and to increase our scientific knowledge on this species. Invexo aimed to improve the management of four of the most damaging INS in Belgium and the Netherlands. The project used field trials to improve control and eradication methods and developed an early warning system for high risk INS
in the project area. Discussions between partners from the RINSE, MEMO and Invexo projects indicated that added value could be created through the formation of a ‘cluster’ project, bringing together the expertise and the
experiences gained from each of the three projects. As a consequence, SEFINS (Safeguarding the Environment From Invasive Non-native Species) was established in January 2014. Since then, the partnership has held a number of constructive workshops and meetings on the topic of INS. It was clear that despite each project working on different species in different habitats, there
was a large degree of crossover. A number of key themes emerged, which the partnership agreed require further work in order to allow EU Member States to meet the new requirements of the upcoming European Regulation on Invasive Species:

1) Knowledge transfer, training and advice
2) Data and inventories
3) Risk management and impact assessments
4) Citizen science and awareness raising

This publication uses these key themes as chapters, describing in more detail the activities carried out by RINSE, MEMO and Invexo within these areas. Key outputs are summarised, outlining the significant progress made by the SEFINS partners and their previous projects towards the effective management of INS across the Two Seas area. However, there is clearly much work still to be done – this publication will also look forwards, outlining where we believe work on INS should focus in the immediate future.

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